Saturday, June 30, 2012

Awal Ramadhan and Syawal 1433 H in Indonesia

This year of 1433 H or 2012 will be a serious concern when the Indonesian Muslims will enter the holy month of Ramadan, because in the early reckoning of Ramadhan 1433 H there will be differences between the criteria of Imkan Rukyah and Hisab intrinsically, or the fame between Hisab vs. Rukyat. Hisab will start Ramadhan first than Rukyat.

To determine when the beginning of Ramadan, let us start from the determination of the 1st of Sha'ban 1433 H. And to ascertain the beginning of Sha'ban, I tried to observe the closing month of Rojab 1433 H. This activity is not commonly done, but for me this is a hobby , but science can also be used to understand the meaning of Yaasiin: 39, "the waning crescent marks the end of Rajab – Urjunil Qadim (Quran 36: 39)".

The results of the observations on the Role of the Final Role, are as follows:

Hilal Closing month Rojab 1433 H
Hilal Closing month Rojab 1433 H

//Earth Light, in the picture above it can be seen from the round shape of the Moon above the hilal crescent is the sun's light reflected by the Earth towards the surface of the Moon, which we finally see again from Earth//

Hilal above the termati on Monday June 18, 2012 after Shubuh. And on June 19, 2012, the same Hilal can no longer be observed, then the night will be the final Conjunction or Ijtimak Rojab 1433 H at 22:03 WIB.

Because Ijtimak occurs at night, then in the evenings (maghrib, June 19, 2012) hilal is still negative because he is still -4 hours and 33 minutes.


The astronomical new moon for Sha'ban took place on June 19, 2012, at 3:02 p.m. UT (Tuesday, June 19, 2012, at 10:03 p.m. WIB).

Hilal Visibiltas:

There will be almost no region of the world that will be able to witness the emergence of a new crescent on the evening of June 19, 2012. Only the next day: Wednesday, June 20, 2012 (maghrib) the crescent moon will be easier to see.

For the territory of Indonesia and its surroundings, it needs the help of optical devices to be able to find the moon moon of Sha'ban, because Indonesia is in gray.

Photo Hilal Sya'ban 1433 H:
Observations that have a chance to see it are on Wednesday, June 20, 2012. However, in Indonesia the weather is less supportive, Solo is cloudy. Some have managed to see that is in Kudus. Kudus Astro Club managed to see and capture it.
Hilal 1 Sya'ban 1433 H is seen from Kudus, and successfully captured in times-laps photos and videos.

Hilal 1 Syaban 1433 H
Hilal 1 Syaban 1433 H from Kudus
Hilal 1 Syaban 1433 H from Tanzania
Hilal 1 Syaban 1433 H from Tanzania
Hilal 2 Syaban 1433 H
Hilal 2 Syaban 1433 H from Juwiring-Klaten

Hisab-Rukyat: Agree to the Beginning of Sha'ban

By Hisab and Rukyat, there was an agreement in starting this month of Sya'ban 1433 H. The beginning of Syaban in Indonesia began simultaneously, namely on Thursday, June 21, 2012. The 15th Syaban 1433 H will fall on Thursday, July 4, 2012 after Maghrib until Friday, July 5, 2012 before Maghrib.

HISAB-RUKYAT -> 1 Syaban 1433 H = June 21, 2012 M

Hisab-Rukyat: Different End of Sha'ban

By Hisab and Rukyat, it must finally be different in ending this month of Sha'ban 1433 H. The end of Sya'ban 1433 H in Indonesia ended in HISAB on Thursday, July 19, 2012 - at maghrib. While in Rukyah, the end of Sya'ban 1433 H will fall on Friday, July 20, 2012 - at maghrib.
HISAB -> 29 Sya'ban 1433 H = 19 July 2012 M
RUKYAT -> 30 Sya'ban 1433 H = July 20, 2012 M


Awal Ramadhan 1433 H - HISAB:

From the final difference of Sya'ban 1433 H above, the beginning of Ramadhan 1433 H can be predicted to be DIFFERENT.

In Hisab, the final conjunction or ijtima of Sya'ban 1433 H will fall on Thursday 19 July 2012 at 11:25 WIB. Then the beginning of Ramadhan 1433 H will fall on Friday 20 July 2012, because the calculation of contemporary celestial science, Hilal on the afternoon of Thursday 19 July 2012 has been positive in all regions of Indonesia.

Organizations that use the HISAB criteria will start fasting on Friday, July 20, 2012.

Early Ramadan 1433 H - Rukyat:
-Istikmal Sya'ban 1433 H-
From the port of Ratu: Hilal on Thursday 19 July 2012 is only as high as 1.5 degrees. Although the elongation is above 4 degrees, but because of age it is only 6.5 hours; it is ensured that Imkan Rukyah is also impossible to see / fulfill. So that in the afternoon, or the next day, July 20, 2012, it will still enter the month of Sha'ban 1433 AH, aka the Wisdom for Sha'ban 1433 H.

So, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia which uses the Imkan Rukyah criteria and organizations that use the Rukyat criteria will start fasting on Saturday, July 21, 2012.

Hilal Visibiltas Simulation from Surakarta, on the first day of Rukyah (conjunction day / ijtima):

Visibiltas Hilal Ramadhan 1433 H, 19 Juli 2012
Visibiltas Hilal Ramadhan 1433 H, 19 Juli 2012


HISAB -> 1 Ramadhan 1433 H = Jum'at, 20 Juli 2012 M
RUKYAH -> 1 Ramadhan 1433 H = Saturday, July 21, 2012 M
As a citizen, I await the Decision of the Session of the Indonesian Government, on Thursday, July 19, 2012 after Maghrib or Isyaa ... God willing ... :)

BEGINNING 1433 H: -> THE SAME BEDA-Finish Start


This is what will happen for the next 3 years, 2012 to 2014. The beginning of Ramadan will be different between Hisab and Rukyah. But it will always be together in ending Ramadan and initiating Shawwal:

HISAB -> 1 Syawwal 1433 H = Sunday, August 19, 2012 M
RUKYAH -> 1 Syawwal 1433 H = Sunday, August 19, 2012 M

HISAB fast for 30 days. Rukyah fast for 29 days. The Prophet (pbuh) fasted, once 29 days also once 30 days.

How come?

Because, as in the month of Rajab, he entered Sha'ban. Hilal position still Negative in the day of conjunction / Ijtimak.

# keep guarding ukhuwwah because we are heading towards His heaven ... :)

AR Sugeng Riyadi (Pak AR)
Live in Klaten (Bendo Ketitang Juwiring)
Dinas of Solo (MA PPMI Assalaam)
Science Teaching Staff Physics

MuslimDaily/The Truth Seeeker Media

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