Monday, June 18, 2012

Ikhwanphobia; Arab and Western Efforts Block the Muslim Brotherhood

Ahead of the second round of the presidential election in Egypt, the movement Muslim Brotherhood must bear two losses from the Constitutional Court. While based on the results of the polls conducted, almost 55 percent of Egyptians doubted the implementation of the second round of the presidential election. It seems that the conditions in Egypt are following a number of regional and international scenarios and strategies.
Here, the question is what role does the Egyptian military and justice play in the country's political formation?

Ikhwanphobia's strategy from one side and giving psychiatric blows to the Muslim Brotherhood on the other hand must be interpreted in terms of the implementation of Egypt's second round presidential election. All this was done in order to strengthen the position of Ahmad Shafiq in the presence of Muhammad Mursi. In other words, the main work to be done with the Muslim Brotherhood is now put on the shoulders of the court and this is done well by the Constitutional Court by issuing two new laws. This law was issued to force the Muslim Brotherhood to resign from the election.

Egyptian justice since previous periods, until the Mubarak regime always followed the political tendencies and ideology of the ruler. The independence of the Egyptian judiciary has not yet changed, even after the revolution of January 25, 2011. During the Mubarak regime, the dependence of the judicial system on the authorities was increasingly real and strong, even almost all the trials conducted were categorized as extraordinary. Finally the High Court changed to the Constitutional Court. The Supreme Court Session has ratified many laws that are contrary to the problems of the state, such as the supervision law on elections. That is, until now the authorities' intervention in the justice system in Egypt still continues today.

In January 2011, under the law issued by the Egyptian Military Council, the prospective president of the constitutional court had previously been the presidential authority given to three from the State Council. This is a step forward to relinquish Egyptian justice system dependence. But the biggest problem that still hinders this effort is still many of Mubarak's elements in this state's judicial institution. Although Hussam al-Ghiryani, an opponent of Mubarak's regime, served as Chairman of the High Council of Egypt Judge, but the majority of the judges were still loyal to Mubarak's regime's discourse. These judges are the ones who issue the law in line with military wants.

Members of the Egyptian parliament after the resignation of Hosni Mubarak by ratifying the "Prohibition of Political Activities Law" meant that all senior officials of the Mubarak regime, including Ahmad Shafiq, had no right to take part in the presidential election. But the Egyptian President's Election Oversight Committee accepted Ahmad Shafiq's complaint and allowed him to take part in the election. The Egyptian Parliament then asked the State Administrative Court to ratify the law. But this problem was later delegated to the Constitutional Court which finally decided that the law was contrary to the Constitution. Finally, on Thursday, June 14, 2012, the Egyptian Constitutional Court declared the law illegal and said, "This law has removed equality of rights and acknowledged discrimination between those who have positions."

This problem certainly became a big victory for the military and Ahmad Shafiq and judged this decision as the culmination of their retaliation. But looking at Ahmad Shafiq's project it can be said that with the inadequacy of Khairat el-Shater, the most popular candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian high court has practically participated in a previously determined scenario by the military and that is controlling the Muslim Brotherhood. Even some Egyptian analysts revealed the influence of Saudi Arabia and some Western countries in an effort to implement the Muslim Brotherhood's control policies through the military and the courts.

IRIB / The Truth Seeker Media

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