Friday, June 8, 2012

Fiqih School: What Is Still Necessary Today?


Fiqih School: What Is Still Necessary Today?

Mazhab fiqih
is not sect or sectarian in religion. The jurisprudence is an indispensable metaphor in understanding religious nash-nash.
Saying back to the Quran and the Sunnah is easy, but in reality, there are many problems that arise and are unthinkable beforehand. And in the end, each person will improvise individually in adhering to the Quran and Sunnah, even the variants will be very infinite.

The emergence of cults such as Jamaah, Ahmadiyya and other eccentric groups is a result of the absence of a standard legal system in drawing correct legal conclusions from the Quran and the Sunnah.

All heretics always claim that they refer to the Quran and the Sunnah. For this reason, a rule of the game is needed in using the Quran and sunnah, so that the results do not conflict with the essence of both.

The Mazhab Fiqih Is A Simplifying Effort

We know the Qur'an with its 6000 verses, and know millions of prophetic hadiths. Of course, not everyone is able to read everything, let alone draw legal conclusions.

Especially considering that the Qur'an is not derived in the form of a statute or regulation. Al Quran is a prose that is readable as a literary form. Of course, tracing the 6000 verses to map into a specific and detailed law requires a hard work.

So the founding clerics of the school were instrumental in completing the gigantic project. One by one the verses of the Quran are read, studied, examined, studied, compared to other verses, then try to draw legal conclusions contained therein.

While the nabawi hadith, which amounted to millions, is more troublesome to deal with. Because before it is drawn to the conclusion of the law, the hadiths still have to undergo validation process first, as well as determined their status of degree of solativeness.

The results of long searches from both the verses of the Quran and the millions of items of the hadith were then written in an easy arrangement, with more technical and communicative language by the scholars of the school. By following a certain pattern that has been standardized previously scientifically.

There are dozens of materials from hundreds of expert scholars and experts in their fields who work 24 hours a day to carry out this process throughout the ages. So as to produce conclusions and legal details that are very detailed and can answer all sharia problems throughout the ages.

Its products have been of great merit throughout the course of life of Muslims since the second century to the 15th century hijriyah.
And all that we call the mazhab fiqih !!!

If there are people who innocently say why they must use the school and not just refer to the Quran and the Sunnah, it is clear that this person does not know the problem.

And when this person later draws his own legal conclusions directly from the Quran and the Sunnah, without realizing he is establishing a new school, namely his own school.

And so, every time someone reads the Koran or Sunnah as a source of law, what he concludes is a school. The school could be a new school, because no one had understood it in such a way before, or it could have been an old school, because previously there had been conclusions like the conclusion.


Why Are There Many Sikhs?

The number of schools has nothing to do with division, let alone hostility in the body of Muslims. On the contrary, the number of maznas and opinions actually shows the very dynamic of Islamic law, as well as the very wide area of ​​the ijithad.

The more schools we are, the more proud we are, not more sad. For the school is not like a sect or mutually hostile fractions. The existence of these schools shows the sophistication and privilege of Islamic sharia.

We can liken an organization, the more departments and fields, shows the more large and wider the reach of the organization. And certainly more professional.

Background of the Difference

There are many backgrounds of disagreements that cause many versions of legal conclusions, including:


1. There is a nash-nash which is contradictory, either between the Quran and the Quran, or between the Quran with the hadith, or between the hadiths with the hadith.
2. There are different interpretations and legal conclusions in the same argument
3. There are differences in status and degree of success in a hadith, so that some scholars accept a hadith because according to him saheeh can be used as a proposition, but some others reject the hadith validity and do not want to make it a proposition.
4. The existence of the legal istimbath method is different between one ulama and another. The principle of the inhabitants of Medina (amalu ahlil Madinah) is the method or source of law accepted by Imam Malik, but other scholars do not want to use this method.
5. There are differences in the use of the term Islamic jurisprudence between each school. So that even though at first glance it seems to copy differently, but perhaps the essence is precisely the same and in line.
6. The existence of 'urf and habits of society that differ from one place to another. This is considering that legal conclusions are often related to the social reality that develops in a particular society.

And there are many other causes of differing views among scholars. This is inevitable, even since the Prophet Salallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam is still alive. Even the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa Sallam himself had disagreements with the companions in the result of his ijtihad, and precisely his ijtihad sahabatnya Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.


The conclusion of this answer is that it is the most correct form of the slogan back to the Quran and As-Sunnah. And that the different views that occur in each of these sects are an imminent necessity to be avoided.

But the difference is haram to be used as a basis for division and hostility, on the contrary it must be a treasure of vast and flexible Islamic sharia wealth.
Wallahu a'lam bishshawab, wassalamu 'alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,

Ahmad Sarwat, Lc.



Fimadani/The Truth Seeker Media

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